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General information

24/10/16 23:55 843

MYANMAR , officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma

The government has encouraged tourism in the country Since 1992, Although the the infrastruture are still very poor, the foreigner find very difficult to travel in country by train or by bus, the airlines are too expensive for even a short distance.

The most popular destinations for visitors are Mandalay and Yangon, Ancient Bagan, the nature of Inle Lake, Hpa An and other sites in the Southern Myanmar, also the beauty of the South Coast.

Biggest City: Yangon City ( a former capital of Myanamar with 7,5 million people)

Other City: Mandalay: 1,3 million

Capital:  Naypyidaw , a new settled Capital since 2006, about 1,2 million

Pupulation: 54 million people

Country size: 678,000 km2

Main ethnic people: Burmese , accounting for 68% of population

Myanmar is ethnically diverse with 135 distinct ethnic groups.

The history in brief.

  • Prehistory: as early as 400,000 years ago
  • Early city-states: Around the second century BC, In the mid-to-late 9th century the Bamar people founded a small settlement at Bagan. It was one of several competing city-states until the late 10th century
  • Imperial Burma: from 11th Century until mid 16th Century
  • Taungoo and colonialism: from mid 16th century until early 19th century
  • British Burma (1824 -1948)
  • Independence (1948 - 1962) : independence from the United Kingdom
  • Military rule (1962 -2011)
  • Civil wars: The conflict happened among the hilltribes ,Armed conflict between ethnic Chinese rebels and the Myanmar Armed Forces have resulted in the Kokang offensive in February 2015. The conflict had forced 40,000 to 50,000 civilians to flee their homes and seek shelter on the Chinese side of the border
  • Democratic reforms: Main article: 2011–12 Burmese political reforms

  • 2015 Myanmar general elections: Myanmar general elections were held on 8 November 2015, On 6 April 2016, Aung San Suu Kyi assumed the newly created role of State Counsellor, a role akin to a Prime Minister.

Myanmar is a country rich in jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources. Myanmar is one of the poorest nations in Southeast Asia, suffering from decades of stagnation, mismanagement and isolation. The lack of an educated workforce skilled in modern technology hinders Myanmar's economy, although recent reforms and developments carried out by the new government, in collaboration with foreign countries and organisations aim to make this a thing of the past

The major agricultural product is rice, which covers about 60% of the country's total cultivated land area

Since 1992, the government has encouraged tourism in the country; however, fewer than 450,000 tourists entered the country in 2015

BEST HIGHLIGHTS OF MYANMAR

- Yangon ( former Capital)

- Mandalay

- Ancient Bagan

- Inle Lake

- Bago

- Hpa An

- Southern Coast

Related

Many shops, banks and other services close during public holidays, so it's best find out when the Myanmar public holidays are planned for your 2017.
Under Burmese law, insulting religion is a prosecutable offence. Insulting religion is a broad term, and can include any disrespectful depiction or image (including tattoos) of Buddha or other religious representation, or wearing any tattoo of Buddha anywhere below the waist.
The currency of Myanmar (Burma) is the Burmese Kyat, You should expect to rely on cash for most of your stay; preferably US dollars. Once in country it’s easy to exchange US dollars into Kyats and exchange rates are generally fair
Myanmar has a tropical monsoon climate. It is characterized by strong monsoon influences, has a considerable amount of sun, a high rate of rainfall, and high humidity that makes it sometimes feel quite uncomfortable. There are three distinct seasons in Myanmar: The cold , dry season, and wet season
The vast majority of people in Myanmar are friendly and helpful, In all the areas that foreigners are allowed to visit, Myanmar is very safe in terms of personal security: incidents of crime against foreigners are extremely low and Yangon is considered to be one of Asia’s safest large cities, with no areas that need to be avoided.
Most medical facilities in Burma are inadequate for even routine medical care. In an emergency, you would likely need to be medically evacuated to a hospital outside Burma. Medical evacuation from Burma is expensive and is most often transacted in cash
Most foreign nationals require a visa to enter Myanmar, You should apply for your visa at a Burmese embassy or consulate abroad before you arrive in Burma, Tourist visas are valid for 28 days